Funded* PhD Studentship

Tunable Anisotropic Magnetization Damping in Multiferroic Structures

A PhD studentship is available within the Magnetic Materials group at UCLan.

Supervisor : Dr. Serban Lepadatu

2nd Supervisor : Dr. Tim Mercer

Starting date : October 2015

Contact :, Phone : +44 (0)1772 893553


Research into fast magnetization dynamics [1] has seen a growing interest due to both the exciting physics involved and its application to spintronics devices, including magnetic memory devices and multiferroic tunnel junctions [2]. The ability to control and tune the magnetization switching processes is expected to result in a new generation of advanced spintronics devices and open a rich avenue of research. This project will investigate exactly this possibility, using a novel method for controlling magnetization precession damping in multiferroic devices.


In magnetic materials damping of magnetization precession occurs due to energy transfer processes from the spin system to the lattice and it is an essential mechanism which determines the speed of magnetization switching in magnetic materials and spintronics devices [3]. Damping is commonly described using an isotropic scalar, α, the Gilbert damping parameter, within the Landau-Lifschitz-Gilbert description of magnetization dynamics. Theoretical investigations have shown that α is generally an anisotropic temperature-dependent tensor, supported by recent experimental evidence, although currently limited. In multiferroic structures, such as multiferroic tunnel junctions, by modifying the periodic lattice potential through voltage-dependent strain coupling [4] between a ferroelectric and ferromagnetic layer, the spin-orbit interaction which couples the spin to the lattice potential should result in a controllable modification of the anisotropy of magnetization damping.

You will study this theme using a number of techniques, including low-temperature ferromagnetic resonance (FMR), low-temperature time-resolved pump-probe MOKE, biaxial VSM with direct and inverse magneto-electric measurements capabilities, SEM, TEM, SPM techniques including AFM, MFM, PFM. The results obtained here will be analysed using a specially modified version of the micromagnetics software Boris, developed by Serban Lepadatu, to take into account the ellipticity of precessional orbits in order to reproduce the anisotropic FMR response.

This project involves external collaboration with Professor Marin Alexe, Warwick University, a world-leading expert on oxide thin films, including multiferroic tunnel junctions. A possible 3-month placement at the National Physical Laboratory will provide valuable experience and access to advanced measurement capabilities.

Mag Vortex State

Magnetic vortex state in a strained bilayer multiferroic structure

*The studentship is tenable for up to 3 years full-time [subject to satisfactory progress] and will cover the cost of tuition fees at UK/EU rates plus an annual maintenance stipend of £14,057 per year (2015/16 rate). International applicants may apply but will be expected to pay the difference between the UK/EU and International fee rate.


[1] S. Lepadatu, J. Wu, C. Bunce, X. Zou, D. Niu, Y.B. Xu, R. Chantrell and G.P. Ju, “Ultrafast optically induced spin dynamics in patterned single crystal Fe dot arrays”, Journal of Applied Physics 101, 09C111 (2007)

[2] D. Pantel, S. Goetze, D. Hesse and M. Alexe, “Reversible electrical switching of spin polarization in multiferroic tunnel junctions”, Nature Materials 11, 289 (2012)

[3] S. Lepadatu, A. Vanhaverbeke, D. Atkinson, R. Allenspach and C.H. Marrows, “Dependence of Domain-Wall Depinning Threshold Current on Pinning Profile”, Physical Review Letters 102, 127203 (2009)

[4] M. Vopson and S. Lepadatu, “Solving the electrical control of magnetic coercive field paradox”, Applied Physics Letters 105, 122901 (2014)

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